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Follow up emails, nonetheless, satisfied the 45-year-old it was certainly true. “I was happy and surprised that long-forgotten virologists like me are on the list this year. It’s because of Covid-19 that the work of virologists is being recognised,” Gupta instructed TOI.
Gupta is credited with curing a person of HIV final yr, solely the second such case on the earth. The affected person, Adam Castillejo, also referred to as the London affected person, is the one who has penned down the write-up on Gupta within the journal.
Gupta acquired concerned in Castillejo’s case — additionally a most cancers affected person — in 2015. Castillejo was to endure a bone marrow transplant to deal with Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The donated stem cells that Castillejo was to obtain contained a novel mutation identified to supply resistance towards HIV. This had been demonstrated in case of Timothy Ray Brown, the primary particular person to be cured of HIV via a bone marrow transplant in 2007.
So the virologist designed a particular antiretroviral remedy to be administered to the affected person earlier than and after the transplant. In 2019, the affected person was declared freed from the virus.
Gupta’s work sparked hope of an HIV treatment, however he believes we’re nonetheless a great distance from discovering a treatment for 40 million individuals with HIV on the earth. The professor, born in England to folks who had migrated from UP within the 1970s, has led medical trials of a speedy Covid-19 testing system within the UK earlier this yr. In April 2020, a machine initially designed for HIV blood testing was modified to check throat and nostril samples.
Gupta is hopeful that Covid-19 vaccines can be out there quickly, “however they could solely be partially profitable, at the least initially. People must re-vaccinate. A fool-proof vaccine may take as much as a yr.