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ICMR finds beta-Cov2 in two bat species – Home Health Choices

Ahmedabad: Scientists have at all times been intrigued by bats that are a pure reservoir for a lot of viruses, of which some are potential human pathogens.

The current SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus that causes the Covid-19 disease can also be suspected to have originated from these mammals. Recently 22 scientists working in numerous divisions of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) took rectal and throat swabs from two species of bats — Pteropus medius and Rousettus, 508 of them from seven states together with Gujarat, for presence of beta-CoV 2 virus.

The stated virus shares 93% to 96% similarity to the virus inflicting the present Covid-19 disease. None of the Gujarat samples confirmed presence of the beta Cov2 virus, however these taken from Kerala (12), Himachal Pradesh (2), Puducherry (6) and Tamil Nadu (1) had examined constructive for the virus. The research spanned 2018 and 2019.

The scientists, nevertheless, have now warned that such research had been obligatory to grasp the coronavirus CoV circulation in Indian bats.

“Detection of potentially pathogenic CoVs in Indian bats stresses the need for enhanced screening for novel viruses in them. ‘One Health’ approach with collaborative activities by the animal health and human health sectors in these surveillance activities should be used in the interest of public health,” claimed the report printed within the Indian Journal of Medical Research in March. The report claimed that such periodic exercise of testing will assist in the “development of diagnostic assays for novel viruses with outbreak potential and be useful in disease interventions. Proactive surveillance remains crucial for identifying the emerging novel viruses with epidemic potential and measures for risk mitigation,” the report has insisted.

The scientists who had been a part of the research belonged to ICMR’s Maximum Containment Laboratory (MCL), Diagnostic Virology Group (DVG), Enteric Virus Group (EVG), Entomology division, Poliovirus Group, National Institute of Virology, Pune, NIV , Alappuzha, and Division of Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases, New Delhi.

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